The 10 World’s Tallest Skyscrapers!!

the ten tallest skyscrapers around the world, which vary from the famous Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the all-new One World Trade Center in New York, and the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur.

1. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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Since its completion in 2010, Burj Khalifa—in the heart of downtown Dubai, claims to be the world’s tallest skyscraper. It stands at 2,717 feet tall and has 163 floors. The building is an example of international cooperation as Skidmore, Owings & Merrill of Chicago designed it, and Samsung C&T of South Korea was responsible for the engineering and consruction. The building is part of the long-standing initiative of the government of the United Arab Emirates to transform the economy from oil-based to more service-oriented and tourism-based. Of course, this was also to gain international recognition in the process. The building is a large-scale, mixed use development that includes 30,000 residences, nine hotels, seven acres of parkland, 19 residential towers, a shopping mall, and a 30-acre man-made lake.

2. Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China

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Shanghai Tower was completed in March 2014 after eight years of construction. It cost $4.2 billion, is 2,073 feet tall, and has 121 floors. It is expected to open to the public next year. The tower is one of three super-tall skyscrapers in the heart of Shanghai’s Luijiazui financial district. The first of these is the Jin Mao Tower, completed in 1999, and the adjacent one is the Shanghai World Financial Center, completed in 2008. American architectural firm Gensler designed the building to function as a hotel and office. There are a total of 320 hotel rooms and 1,100 parking spaces, and the views of Shanghai from the top floors are said to be unrivaled.

3. Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

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Also known as Abraj Al Bait, the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel is a government-owned building complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Binladin Group, Saudi Arabia’s largest construction company, built the complex. German architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch and his firm SL Rasch GmbH designed the clock tower. The dimensions of the clock face at the very top are 141 feet by 141 feet, making it the largest in the world. It has an incredible number of functions that speak to the culture and society of Saudi Arabia. The Royal Clock Tower includes residential apartments for permanent residents, hotel rooms for visitors, a conference center, a large prayer room capable of holding more than 10,000 people, a five-story shopping mall, an Islamic Museum, and a Lunar Observation Center to see the moon during the Holy Months. 21,000 white and green lights at the top of the clock flash to signal the time for prayers five times a day, which can be visible as far as 19 miles away. On special occasions, like the New Year, 16 bands of vertical light shoot up into the sky.

4. One World Trade Center, New York City, USA

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After 9/11, a new World Trade Center was designed to become a statement, an emotional reaction, and the centerpiece of the New York skyline.One World Trade Center currently stands at 1,776 feet tall, and is the tallest building in the U.S. The 104-story tower is designed by David M. Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, and includes office space and an observation deck with unparalleled views of Manhattan. Then there are the restaurants and broadcast and antennae facilities. For all the obvious reasons, the designers claim they have emphasized life-safety systems and sustainability in their design, integrating renewable energy, dense fireproofing, extra-wide pressurized stairs, interior daylighting, reuse of rainwater, and recycled construction debris and materials. It currently includes the National September 11 Memorial & Museum and the redesigned World Trade Center Transportation Hub. In the future, there will also be a Performing Arts Center, as well as a total of five other skyscrapers.

5. CTF Finance Centre, Guangzhou, China

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Construction for the 112-story CTF Finance Centre began in 2010, and the estimated completion date is in 2016. The architecture firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates is creating the building on behalf of Chow Tai Fook Enterprises. The building has already topped out at 1,739 feet, and is located in Guangzhou’s Tianhe District. White netting of glazed terra cotta, a traditional Chinese material, encases the exterior of the building. Energy conservation is also emphasized at the top of the tower, which sets back at four angled parapets and allows for sky terraces and skylights to illuminate the interior spaces below. The mixed-use urban complex has four major transition points at which its function changes from offices to apartments to hotel rooms. Underground, the building will have connections to public transportation, as well as second-level bridges to connect to adjacent buildings.

6. Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan

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Standing at 1,667 feet with its characteristic blue-green glass curtain walls, Taipei 101 is Taiwan’s modern icon: the skyscraper appears in international broadcasts and in countless travel brochures. It was designed by C. Y. Lee & Partners and constructed by KTRT Joint Venture to withstand the typhoon winds and earthquake tremors common in that area. The building has both flexibility to prevent structural damage and resistance to ensure comfort and protection. A steel pendulum that is suspended from the 92nd to the 87th floor sways to offset the movements in the building created by strong gusts, serving as a tuned mass damper. There are also many symbolic features of the building; a small example is that its 101 floors symbolize the renewal of time. The building has also been awarded by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) as the tallest and largest green building in the world. New Year’s Eve is a perfect time to visit this international landmark, as the fireworks display lights up the structure.

7. Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, China

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The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) stands at 1,614 feet, has 101 floors, and is one of the world’s tallest mixed-use urban development projects. It serves as a major center of international finance and trade and consists of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. The original design to reduce the stresses of wind pressure included a circular opening at the peak. This  concept was met with opposition, as it was similar to the rising sun design of the Japanese flag, and the tower’s distinctive trapezoid aperture at the peak was born. The building’s air-conditioning controls feature China’s first Variable Air Volume (VAV) system, in which room temperatures inside the building are sensed and adjusted to achieve maximum air-conditioning cost savings. The design also includes an effective diagonal-braced frame that carries the compressive and bending forces of wind loads, people in the building, and heavy equipment down to the ground.

8. International Commerce Centre, Hong Kong

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The International Commerce Centre in Hong Kong houses 118 stories of hotel rooms, commercial offices, shopping malls, five-star restaurants, and an observatory called Sky100. The height had to be scaled down due to regulations that prohibit buildings to be taller than the surrounding mountains, and the International Commerce Center currently stands at 1,587 feet. It also holds the Guinness World Record for the largest light and sound show on a single building. These light and music shows happen twice nightly on a 54,000 square feet platform.

9. & 10. Petronas Towers 1 and 2, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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The Petronas Tower 1 and 2 held the record as the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 and remain the tallest twin towers in the world. These two buildings, completed on January 1, 1996, are the landmarks of Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. At first, the towers were built on Kuala Lumpur’s racetrack, but that was found to have an unstable foundation site on the edge of a cliff with decayed limestone and soft rock. The entire site was then moved 200 feet to allow the buildings to sit entirely on the soft rock. The design included steel and glass façades to reflect the predominant Muslim following in Malaysia and resemble Islamic art motifs. The interiors of the towers continue to highlight Malaysian cultural inspiration through traditional fabric and carvings. There is a double decker skybridge on the 41st and 42nd floors, the tallest skybridge in the world, which connects the two towers and is open to the public. Tickets are limited to about 1,000 people a day, however, and are sold on a first-come first-served basis. The 1999 film Entrapment was filmed at the skybridge, and on April 15, 1999, Felix Baumgartner set the world record for BASE jumping by jumping off a window cleaning crane on the towers.

 

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Horoscope today!!

ARIES (March 21 – April 20):You are beginning to realize that your fears were unfounded and when the sun moves into your sign at the weekend you will wonder how you allowed yourself to get so worked up about nothing. Life is all about attitude. Always be positive.

TAURUS (April 21 – May 21):

If you doubt someone’s honesty you must err on the side of caution – certainly don’t let them take financial decisions for you. The planets warn that what others say and what others mean are likely to be two entirely different things today.

GEMINI (May 22 – June 21):

Stick to methods and routines you are familiar with and don’t be tempted to try something new just because you want to look fashionable. Your rivals will be delighted if you get it wrong and make a fool of yourself. Don’t give them the satisfaction.

CANCER (June 22 – July 23):

You know you are destined for bigger and better things but knowing alone is not enough, you have got to actually make them happen. Opportunities for advancement are coming your way but what you do with them is for you to decide.

LEO (July 24 – Aug. 23):

Don’t try to force people to do your bidding today because even if you succeed it will create the kind of resentment that at some stage comes back at you. Coercion is always a poor option, especially when you are so good at persuasion.

VIRGO (Aug. 24 – Sept. 23):

Someone you work or do business with is determined to provoke a fight – and you are happy to let it happen. Sometimes it is best to get bad feelings out of your system, and this is one of those times. It will be sweetness and light again tomorrow.

LIBRA (Sept. 24 – Oct. 23):

You have a lot of things on your mind at the moment, so give yourself time to think before making your next big move. Also, take notice of what friends and family members tell you. They may have information that is relevant to your cause.

SCORPIO (Oct. 24 – Nov. 22):

Make sure there is no way employers or other important people can criticize you for doing a bad job. With Jupiter linked to your ruler Pluto most things will come easy to you, but there is also a danger you might take your good reputation for granted.

SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23 – Dec. 21):

It may seem as if you are being held back from following your dream but don’t worry because in a matter of days you will be free to do as you please. All the delays and frustrations of recent weeks will soon be a thing of the past.

CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 – Jan. 20):

You must think before you act today, especially if there is money changing hands. As a cardinal sign you are eager to succeed but the planets warn you could easily be taken in by someone who knows how to play on your desires. Be careful.

AQUARIUS (Jan. 21 – Feb. 19):

You must not let anyone persuade you that your goals are not legitimate. According to the planets you are heading in exactly the right direction, so ignore what others say and follow your dream. You are closer to success than you realize.

PISCES (Feb. 20 – Mar. 20):

Start thinking of ways to boost your income. Some of your money-making ideas may be a bit far-fetched but that’s okay – better that you explore all possibilities than none at all. The sun’s change of signs on the 20th will point you in the right direction.

What are top 20 passwords most common in 2015?

Skyhigh analyzed 11 million passwords for cloud services that are for sale on the Darknet and found that, while there are many unique passwords, 10.3% of users employ the 20 most popular passwords. That means with fewer than 20 tries, anyone could login to roughly 1 out of 10 accounts today. While these passwords are easy to remember, users are defeating the very method that is meant to protect their information. The top password is “123456” and it’s so common that it compromises 4.1% of all passwords. Using this password is tantamount to leaving the key to your front door under your doormat in a dangerous neighborhood.

The 10 most dangerous cities in the world!!!

It’s now easier than ever to visit distant locations around the world. Some places, however, are best avoided due to dangerous conditions. Certain dangerous places, on the other hand, are also desirable tourist destinations. If you do decide to visit such places, you should at least be aware of the risks and take sensible precautions. Here, in descending order, are the 10 most dangerous cities in the world.

10. Caracas, Venezuela

This is the capital city of Venezuela and it is presently facing a crisis involving drug gangs. Street crimes such as muggings and theft are also common, making this an undesirable destination for most tourists. Many other cities in Venezuela also have high crime rates.

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9. Ciudad Juarez, Mexico

Mexico’s problems with drug traffickers are well known and Ciudad Juarez is one of the nation’s most violent cities right now. Police are often employed or paid off by drug gangs, which means that many crimes go unpunished.

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8. Cape Town, South Africa

Due to the prevalence of poverty and social unrest in this city, it is suffering from an extremely high crime rate. Although many tourists are drawn to South Africa because of its natural beauty and proximity to nature preserves and other attractions, Cape Town can be a dangerous place. It is possible to enjoy a visit to this city if you avoid the more dangerous sections and don’t travel alone at night.

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7. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Many cities in Brazil have very high crime rates, and some are more dangerous than Rio de Janeiro. Yet since Rio is by far the most popular tourist destination in Brazil, it’s worth focusing on here. Rio is actually safer than it was a decade ago, but street crimes are still common in many areas, especially at night. It’s possible to enjoy the resorts and beaches of this city, but common sense precautions should be taken.

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6. Guatemala City, Guatemala

Although Guatemala, a Central American nation on the Caribbean, has many tourist attractions, it’s a nation that is plagued with drug violence. It has a high murder rate and other common crimes include street robberies, bus holdups and carjackings. It’s advisable if visiting Guatemala to remain in safer regions and avoid Guatemala City.

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5. Acapulco, Mexico

Not long ago, this city was considered a safe and luxurious resort area. While tourism to Acapulco is still popular, drug violence has now made this into a dangerous area. Recent statistics reveal that this city has one of the world’s highest murder rates -142 per 100,000 people. People visiting Acapulco are advised to remain on the property of the resorts where they are staying, as most of the crime occurs in surrounding areas.

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4. Baghdad, Iraq

Bombings, gunfire and other violent events are common in Iraq. This country has been on the “do not travel” list for Americans for many years and Baghdad remains a dangerous place. The future of Iraq is extremely uncertain as U.S. troops are departing from the country. This is another war-torn country that is not likely to be safe anytime soon. Since the violence in Baghdad usually consists of unpredictable outbreaks of terrorism, it’s not a place that people should visit without a good reason.

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3. Kabul, Afghanistan

This has been one of the most dangerous cities in the world for some time. It is still a war zone, although U.S. troops are gradually being removed from the country. Terrorist attacks, including many bombings are common. Kabul is facing a very uncertain future and will probably be a very dangerous place for the foreseeable future. Like Baghdad, Kabul is a city where violence can occur at any time.

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2. Karachi, Pakistan

Pakistan is experiencing a great deal of political unrest, and crime as well as terrorism is rampant. Assassinations are common, as well as suicide bombings and gang warfare. Karachi is one of the centers of this violence and tourists are advised to avoid this city.

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1. San Pedro Sula, Honduras

This city has ranked as one of the world’s most violent for several years now. According to many sources, it has the highest homicide rates in the world -169 per 100,000 people. Arms trafficking is a big problem, and illegal firearms are prevalent throughout the city. This is a city that tourists would do well to avoid.

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how to make pancakes?

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INGREDIENTS

  • 1 large egg or 1 egg and one yolk
  • ½ pint/280ml milk
  • 4oz/110g plain flour (4 heaped dessertspoons)
  • 1 tbsp melted butter

DIRECTIONS

By hand: sift the flour into a bowl and make a well in the middle. Break in the egg (and yolk, if using) and add apinch of salt and a splash of the milk. Whisk the egg, gradually incorporating the flour, to make a smooth cream. Whisk in the rest of the milk and the melted butter.

With a blender: put all the ingredients in a blender jug with a pinch of salt. Whizz until smooth. It should be no thicker than single cream.

Brush a hot pan with vegetable oil before adding a ladleful of batter and swilling thinly around pan, tipping the pan so the mixture spreads evenly. It will begin to cook immediately: pour any excess back into the bowl.

When the pancake is browned on the bottom and the very edges are beginning to lift away, give the pan a shake to make sure the pancake is loose. If it is sticking anywhere, use a spatula to loosen it. When it moves freely, then you are ready to toss it – or, if you’re less confident, use a spatula to turn it over. The other side will only need a few seconds. Slide out of the pan, and try one of these delicious toppings